Saturday, October 22, 2016

WTOC 2016: United States

Always present since the first edition of the World Trail Orienteering Championships, the United States recorded in Strömstad modest results, at all similar to those achieved in 2015, in Croatia. Despite the empathy with this participation, it is clear that the United States Trail Orienteering stagnated and that, without taking action, is doomed to disappear. The word is of appreciation for the personal effort of each team member and the message encloses an appeal to renewal, adopting strategies that, once and for all, make of Trail Orienteering an attractive discipline within the American orienteers.

+ Like in 2015, Clare Durand reached the best position in the team, both in PreO and TempO.

- Trying TrailO at this level for the first time, Daniel Heimgartner didn't escape to the last position in the PreO competition, Paralympic class.



Qual Blue
25. Clare Durand 375,5 seconds
35. Sharon Crawford 539 seconds

Qual Red
27. Mika Latva-Kokko 409 seconds
35. Daniel Heimgartner 766,5 seconds

44. Clare Durand 41 points / 148 seconds
53. Mikka Latva-Kokko 38 points / 122 seconds
57. Sharon Crawford 38 points / 217 seconds

20. David Irving 37 points / 389,5 seconds
38. Daniel Heimgartner 17 points / 410 seconds

TrailO Relay
15. United States 486,5 seconds
Mika Latva-Kokko (5 points / 77 seconds)
Sharon Crawford (7 points / 119,5 seconds)
Clare Durand (6 points / 110 seconds)

Joaquim Margarido

WTOC 2016: Ukraine

Despite the second place in the TrailO Relay, Paralympic class, the Ukraine might be seen as one of the big deceptions of the Championships. After the results achieved last year, the expectations around the Ukranians' performances were quite high and, in the end, the silver in the Relay cannot mask a less good presence overall.

+ Defending in Strömstad his World title, Vladislav Vovk couldn't get better than the 5th place in the PreO, Paralympic class. Even though, he joins to the diploma a silver medal in the Relay and was, clearly, the best Ukrainian representative.

- Vitaliy Kyrychenko – also a former World Champion (Hungary, 2009) – was always far from his value. For the first time ever, he missed the presence in the TempO Final and the 23rd place in the PreO competition contrasts with the four top-10 positions in a row in the last editions of the World Trail Orienteering Championships.


Qual Red
24. Vitaliy Kyrychenko 351,5 seconds

23. Vitaliy Kyrychenko 44 points / 57 seconds
32. Mykola Opanasenko 43 points / 147,5 seconds
49. Anto Puhovkin 40 points / 193,5 seconds

5. Vladislav Vovk 44 points / 66,5 seconds
10. Yehor Surkov 39 points / 78 seconds
22. Iryna Kulikova 35 points / 107 seconds
35. Vladislav Poznianskyi 25 points / 213 seconds

TrailO Relay
14. Ukraine 441,5 seconds
Anton Puhovkin (7 points / 84,5 seconds)
Mykola Opanasenko (5 points / 49,5 seconds)
Vitaliy Kyrychenko (6 points / 127,5 seconds)

2. Ukraine 402 seconds
Irina Kulikova (7 points / 97,5 seconds)
Yehor Surkov (6 points / 83 seconds)
Vladislav Vovk (6 points / 101,5 seconds)

Joaquim Margarido

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

IOF Athlete of the Month: Lauri Malsroos

I like to think that Lauri Malsroos has the company of his child when sharing some of the strongest impressions of his life. A life that has, for three months now, a new and valued component. His baby son is of a different generation with different opportunities, a different sense of freedom and a different level of security than the father had three decades ago. Malsroos senior is the subject of our attention in the paragraphs that follow, from his childhood through to his amazing performances in the last round of the 2016 MTB Orienteering World Cup, held a few weeks ago in Lithuania.

Name: Lauri Malsroos
Country: Estonia
Date of Birth: 7th February 1986
Place of Birth: Tallinn
Work: Estonian Air Force, helicopter pilot
Hobbies: Sport, attending Hard Rock and Metal concerts
Discipline: MTB Orienteering
Club: SK Saue Tammed
Career Highlights: World MTB Orienteering Championships: One gold medal (2014, Relay), one silver medal (2013, Sprint), two bronze medals (2013, Relay and 2015, Sprint). European MTB Orienteering Championships: One gold medal (2015, Sprint) and one silver medal (2009, Relay). World Cup Overall: 2nd (2016), 4th (2014) and 6th (2015).
IOF World Ranking: 3rd

Lauri Malsroos was born in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, and he grew up in a small town on the outskirts of the city. An active child by nature, he made outdoor spaces the big stage for all his childhood play; they were spaces of freedom shared with other children of the same age.

In those times of relentless pursuit and constant discovery, the forest there, so close, exerted on Lauri an unparalleled allure. In deepest green, the brightness of the clearings matched the darkness of their shadows. At the age of 6 he was out in the forest treasure-hunting in the company of his grandfather, who then introduced him to Orienteering. Even before the age of 10 the small Lauri already needed no company or the safety of having older persons with him and, a map in his hands, was taking firm steps into the forest searching for the kites. Not that he wouldn’t play football or basketball – and skiing came much later, between 18 and 20 years old – but Orienteering has always been his favourite sport.

Soon competing abroad

As long as he can remember, Lauri always had a bike as a plaything as well. But it was only at the age of 12 that he received his first ‘real’ bike, with gears and everything, a real mountain bike. He really enjoyed using his bike, but Lauri was far from putting orienteering and biking together. The focus of his attention was on Foot Orienteering, and his investment in regular training and getting into the best physical shape meant that good results came almost naturally. In 2003, Lauri Malsroos was in the Estonian National Team that participated in the European Youth Orienteering Championships in Slovakia and in the same competition the year after in Austria. His international career continued in 2005 and 2006, in Switzerland and Lithuania respectively, competing in the Junior World Orienteering Championships. “Unfortunately I didn’t get any really good results, but I still enjoyed running with a map in those forests a lot,” Lauri remembers.

But it is also around this time that maps and bikes began to come together, for reasons that are, after all, common to a large number of mountain bike orienteers. “I had a lot of injuries in my ankle when I was young and training regularly became complicated. Since I also enjoyed riding my bike, it was just a matter of connecting the two loves,” he says. The first MTBO competitions that Lauri attended were the Estonian MTB Orienteering Championships in 2004, and he won his class by “a decent margin”, in his words. He did the same three years in a row. Every passing day, Lauri felt more and more attracted by “the balance between physical and mental effort” at a higher speed. So when he was no longer a junior, he made the decision to try MTBO at an international level. The year was 2007.

The biggest motivation was the Relay”

- Can you recall the moments before and during your first big MTBO international competition, the 2007 World MTB Orienteering Championships in Nove Mesto Na Morave?

“The Estonian MTB Orienteering Championships took place two weeks before the World Championships and my form was really good at that time. On both days I beat Margus Hallik and lost only a couple of seconds to Tõnis Erm. Both were several times in the top 6 in international championships in the previous year. So I guessed that it would be easy for me to get into the top 6 too, or at least get a top 10 place. As I found out two weeks later, it wasn’t that easy at all. I was quite disappointed with my results. But now, when I look back, a 37th place out of 100 guys wasn’t that bad at all for the first year.”

- Your first results weren’t impressive, really. And we may say almost the same about the results in the next four years. Where did you find the motivation to keep on with MTB Orienteering at the highest level?

“The biggest motivation was the Relay, because we had a good team. In 2007 I didn’t get a place in the team, but the following year I did the first leg and it was a good race. Eventually we finished in 5th place, ensuring a spot in the prize-giving ceremony. Individually I also got tenth place in the Sprint in Poland (2008), with a race with a lot of mistakes. So I realised that without mistakes good placings weren’t impossible, especially in Sprint which isn’t that demanding physically.”

The first medals

In 2012 Lauri again achieved a tenth place in the World Championships – this time in the Long Distance – and, the year after that he won his first medals, and in his home country. The silver in the Sprint and the bronze in the Relay show how much he had improved in such a short time. Maybe one of the secrets of his success was the new bike he had bought in the Spring, a 29er, a mountain bike that is built to use 700c or 622 mm ISO (inside rim diameter) wheels, resulting in an outside tyre diameter of about 29 inches. And of course he was training more and more.

- How important were the World MTBO Championships in Rakvere? What memories do you keep from the event in Estonia?

“For many years we were all waiting for the ‘home’ Championships, and we prepared a lot for the big moment. Unfortunately, seven weeks before the Championships, I crashed when I was biking in a Marathon and I broke my collarbone and had to go for surgery. The doctors recommended me not to do any sport for two months, but after the first month I had healed faster than expected and I started biking, firstly indoors. We had a small Sprint competition a couple of days before the World Championships and I could see that I was able to bike quite well. So I decided to take part, at least in the Sprint, which was held in an urban area and just one small part of the course was away from the streets. During the seven-week break I had a lot of time to rest, also mentally, and to think many things through. When I was on the Sprint start line I felt no pressure at all. To be able to start at all was already a bonus. To get the silver medal was a big satisfaction to me, even knowing that without my one and only mistake that silver could have been a gold.”

Three questions, three answers

- In Rakvere you presented yourself mostly as a sprinter. Is the Sprint your favourite distance? Why?

“When I started attending major events, I wasn’t physically strong enough to get good results in longer distances. And since I had had a lot of years as a foot orienteer, navigation was definitely my stronger side. That’s why the Sprint suited me so well. Currently, I see the same chances to get medals in any of the individual disciplines.”

- Speed is definitely one of the most important parts in this discipline. Is there a connection between your profession as a helicopter pilot and MTBO?

“There is actually quite a big connection between my job and my hobby. Since I only fly with visual contact of the ground, there is a lot of map reading there too. And the speed can be much faster than on a bike.”

- Isn’t MTB Orienteering dangerous?

“It’s a little bit dangerous, as is every sport that includes speed and adrenalin. If you are aware of the danger, conscious of your skills and try not to do anything impossible, then it’s not more dangerous than most other sports.”

MTBO in Estonia

The 2013 World MTB Orienteering Championships were also important for the development of this discipline in Estonia. “Quite important”, says Lauri, adding that “many of the youngsters trained specially for this event. Also, people could really see what MTB Orienteering is about. Since the Sprint and the Relay took place in urban areas, it was easy to reach the spectators,” he remembers.

“Currently we can’t say that the numbers continue to increase. The number of competitors attending local events in Estonia stays at around 50-100 people.” Besides the National Championships, there are just two or three other events each year. So Lauri’s opinion is that “we could have more competitions in Estonia, but the most important thing is that there should be more marketing and promotion. A lot of people go to Adventure Races and Rogaine events, but I think most of them don’t even know that there is a chance to do MTBO as well.”

A “surprisingly good” end to the season

We could see Lauri performing at his best during the final races of the current season. He won two gold medals in the World Cup Final weekend, as many as he managed to achieve during the whole of his career before these races in Lithuania, so he rates his weekend as “surprisingly good.” In the Long Distance his feelings can be described in two words: comfort and confidence. “The terrain was quite similar to what I’m used to in Estonia. I didn’t push very hard and remained concentrated on my navigation. I managed to avoid making any big mistakes, and had the power to keep my pace up until the end. On the last part I could see that it would be easy to make small mistakes, so I took safe route choices, although I knew that by racing straight I could save a couple of seconds,” says Lauri, adding that “it was definitely one of my best races ever.” And one of the best maps he has ever seen, at the same level as “the 2015 Baltic Championships in the Middle Distance, or the open terrain in the World Championships in Hungary in 2012,” he comments.

In the Middle Distance Lauri made several mistakes near the beginning of the course, and was far from thinking he could win, even after a really good second part. Nevertheless he got his second victory in a row, and talks about it as a particular moment that pleased him the most: “I didn’t lose my concentration after the mistakes in the early part of the race, and kept up my hope of victory”. In the Sprint he had a really good race, with only some small mistakes in some areas: “I thought I could win, but I couldn’t do better than coming second,” he says.

One interesting thing to note is that Lauri didn’t do much bike training during the two months between the World Championships and the World Cup Final. Some running, a couple of bike marathons and some rest were the keys to success in “a good event, especially the courses and the maps. I haven’t been biking on such good maps for a long time.” But the organisation is not exempt from criticism: “The organisers could have put some effort into the prizes. To compete for three days in a row and then get a cup and a pencil can be okay in some local events, but not in a World Cup,” in his opinion.

2017 will be my best season ever”

Looking back over the MTBO season, Lauri mentions the “epic rainy Long Distance in France, with big mountains” and “the heat in the Sprint in Portugal” as the most impressive moments. The victory in Lithuania in the second stage and the corresponding second place in the World Cup overall was Lauri’s best moment of the season. The worst? “The 15th control in Portugal, in the Sprint race” where he lost nearly two minutes and (maybe) the silver medal.

- When we talk about the 2016 season, are we talking about your best season ever?

“That’s a difficult question. I have had four really good seasons so far, with something special in each one of them. In the 2013 World Championships in Estonia, two medals despite my late injury. In 2014 the Relay gold in Poland, which we had aimed for for seven years with the same guys. Two individual medals in 2015, including the European title in the Sprint. And now 2nd place overall in the 2016 World Cup. But no, I believe that 2017 will be my best season ever!”

Gold is the goal

Talking about the new season, Lauri is already feeling some good vibes about next year’s World Championships, which will take place in Lithuania. “Something similar to the World Cup in Kaunas, with really challenging terrain and a Sprint with a lot of controls demanding quick decisions” are Lauri’s expectations. But he has also started to set some goals: “Of course, my main goal is to get an individual gold, the distance doesn’t matter. Perhaps gold in the Long Distance could taste even better, because Tõnis Erm doesn’t have that,” he says with a good laugh.

About the other World Cup races – the first round in Austria and the European Championships in France – Lauri’s plans are focused on giving his best. “I expect some epic terrain, both technically and physically. I won’t think about the World Cup overall until the final races,” he says. But he hopes to win medals and to keep a position in the IOF World Ranking top 10: “it doesn’t matter if it’s the 3rd or the 7th place.”

It’s more difficult to reach a podium place now than it was ten years ago”

- How do you see MTBO in general? This was your tenth season at the highest level, and for sure you have a perfect idea about how Orienteering has improved. Are we going in the right direction?

“Yes, I do think we’re going in the right direction. We now have more athletes who can win medals, and I believe it’s more difficult to reach a podium place now than it was ten years ago. But I would like to see more than 100 men and some 70-80 women competing again, and also more nations and bigger teams attending the Championships.”

- If you had the power, would you change anything?

“I’m more a competitor than an organiser, I guess. So at the moment, no ideas for change.”

Some final thoughts

The interview is ending, and Lauri’s thoughts again go through the status of MTBO in his country. “Things could be better with the youngsters, but there are some guys and girls who could do well in the future,” he says, while planning his winter-time enjoying himself doing sport in wild terrain.

Are we going to see Lauri orienteering at this level for the next ten years? The answer is quite sensible, his eyes fixed on his son’s face, quietly asleep: “I’ll take one year at a time. I’ll concentrate only on next year,” he ends.

Text and photo: Joaquim Margarido

[See the original article at Published with permission from the International Orienteering Federation]

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

MTBO Portugal: Ferreira and Pontes got the gold in the Absolute Champs

With victories of João Ferreira and Susana Pontes in the Absolute Championships, came to an end the MTB orienteering season in Portugal. The event took place last weekend in Idanha-a-Nova and was attended by a little more than eight dozen participants.

Venue of the European MTB Orienteering Championships in 2015, the Municipality of Idanha-a-Nova hosted, last weekend, the National Absolute Championships in MTB Orienteering, the last competition of the year. The long and exhausting season, combined to the distance from Idanha-a-Nova to the coastline - where concentrates the bulk of the Portuguese population - has meant that the participants in the event were not beyond the 81, the lowest number of the season. What is a pity, not only because it penalizes any organization and the MTB Orienteering in general, but, above all, because of the waste of a fantastic journey in some of the best terrains for the discipline in Portugal.

Joining, in one race, athletes from most of the competition classes, the National Absolute Championships had, on Saturday, the qualification stage, allowing to find, according to a specific formula, 33 male and 9 female athletes to compete in the big Final. Just one note to the absence of Davide Machado (.COM), the big winner in 2015, here forgoing to defend his title for professional reasons. The Men's final was marked by the balance, with the top five separated for less than three minutes in the finish. Crowning his best season ever, João Ferreira (CA Bairrada) was the winner with a time of 52:32 and an advantage of 22 seconds over Daniel Marques (COC). For the first time in the history of this competition, an athlete of a lower age group got a place on the podium. The author of the achievement was the junior Duarte Lourenço (BTT Loulé /BPI), third placed with more 1:02 than the winner. João Ferreira also won the Portuguese Cup in MTB Orienteering 2016, a feat that happens for the first time in his career.

In the Women's competition, the “eternal” Susana Pontes (COC) reached the Absolute title for the sixth time in as many editions, beating her great adversary of the season, Ana Filipa Silva (CPOC). Both fought hard for the victory, but the consistency and more experience of Pontes would eventually be decisive for a victory in 53:39 against 53:53 of Silva. With the time of 56:15, the juvenile Marisa Costa (COA) closed a podium that is a faithful copy of that reported in 2015. It should also be noted that Susana Pontes's triumph works, somehow, as a small compensation of a season when she saw escape the Portuguese Cup overall to Ana Filipa Silva, after thirteen amazing years in a row in its possession.


1. João Ferreira (CA Bairrada) 52:32 (+ 00:00)
2. Daniel Marques (COC) 52:54 (+ 00:22)
3. Duarte Lourenço (BTT Loulé/BPI) 53:34 (+ 01:02)
4. Marco Palhinha (CPA – Abrunhos) 54:02 (+ 01:30)
5. Luis Barreiro (NADA) 55:16 (+ 02:44)

1. Susana Pontes (COC) 53:39 (+ 00:00)
2. Ana Filipa Silva (CPOC) 53:53 (+ 00:14)
3. Marisa Costa (COA) 56:15 (+ 02:36)
4. Rita Gomes (BTT Loulé/BPI) 1:01:15 (+ 07:36)
5. Noémia Magalhães (Amigos da Montanha) 1:04:26 (+ 10:47)

Complete results and further information at

[Archive photo]

Joaquim Margarido

Monday, October 17, 2016

Nina Hoffmann: "The key word is focus"

Nina Hoffmann is one of the strongest links of the MTB orienteering's “family”. Relaxed and uncomplicated, her attitude is welcomed by all and her example is an asset in a world that's not just about winning medals. Invited by the Portuguese Orienteering Blog to share some opinions, she gives to know herself in three important aspects: The athlete, the woman and the mother!

The first question is always the easiest. Would you like, in brief, to present yourself?

Nina Hoffmann (N. H.) - My name is Nina Hoffmann. I'm born and raced in Denmark, did live on Guernsey for three years in my early twenties, but I'm back living in Denmark again. I'm the mother of three amazing kids aged 6, 9 and 11. I work full time as a health consultant for the Municipality and my specialty is helping out people with diabetes 2. I love to travel, enjoy the nature, good healthy food, meet people and spend time with those dear to me. I see myself as a positive person with a positive view on life, being grateful for all the good I have.

How did you meet MTB Orienteering?

N. H. - I was born in to the world of orienteering. I did Foot-O on and off my whole life, I've been on the national team in Biathlon orienteering and I started MTBO back in late 2008, because I had started riding some MTB as training and the sport MTBO was starting to grow in Denmark (and Denmark was prepared to host the European Championships in 2009). I thought it could be funny to try it out and I've been hooked on it ever since.

What do you see in MTB Orienteering that makes it so special?

N. H. - For me, Orienteering is special and I love all aspects of it. What makes the MTBO special to me, in particular, is the “MTBO Family”.

Your first presence in the World MTB Orienteering Championships was in 2009, in Israel. Do you still remember the heat? What memories do you keep from that week in Ben Shemen?

N. H. - I remember Israel quite well, first of all for my difficulties of packing and unpacking a bike on my own (laughs), But also the very different terrain and getting stopped at customs twice when leaving the country. I was the only member of the team that had won the bronze medal at the Relay at the EMTBOC in Denmark, so my expectations were to get some experience. I also remember loving being off to races as a team and I've loved it ever since. We also had time to relax and see some of the sights, which I value when attending the championships/races.

You missed Portugal in 2010 but, after that, it was possible to see you in all WMTBOC's editions, reaching some good results, namely the silver in the Relay (2013) and the bronze in the Middle Distance (2012). Would you like to mention the two or three best memories of your career so far? And the worst?

N. H. - Winning the bronze medal on the Middle Distance in 2012 was very surprising and of course a really nice memory. But, for me, the best memories are the results we've made as a team in the Relays - my first medal at the EMTBOC in Denmark in 2009 and getting the silver in 2013 with Ann-Dorthe Lisbygd and Camilla Soegaard. Also riding the first leg in Portugal and getting the bronze at the EMTBOC 2015 is a very special memory to me, first of all because I wasn't sure I could ride because of my crash at the start of the week and, then, to come in first on the first leg was surprising. To be on a team with Camilla Soegaard and Caecilie Christoffersen, but also to be a part of and having the opportunity to follow their progression in MTBO are an absolute joy and honour for me. The worst memory must be the Relay in Italy, actually not so much because of the disqualification (that can happen to anyone), but because some of the people on the team didn't handle it in a respectful way, if you ask me.

How do you rate the current season?

N. H. - Loved being back in Portugal and racing knowing that “the orange machine” had things under control. I've never been to Lithuania before, but I was pleasantly surprised and I'm looking forward to going there next year. On the other hand, I was very disappointed with the organisations of the races in France for several reasons, but hopefully I'll be pleasantly surprised next year.

Did you achieve the results that you've been expected?

N. H. - My expectations this year were mainly on the Relay and I'm somewhat disappointed, as we were going for a medal. But there were many strong teams and the luck didn't shine on our way. So we just have to come back stronger next year. I'm not too much disappointed with [my positions in] the [World Cup overall and IOF World] ranking, but disappointed that I didn't have more “clean” races. Unfortunately I haven't been able to do as much orienteering training as I wanted this season, so I just have to focus for the next season. But, with that said, it's nice to see that I can still do a top 10 after a clean race in the Sprint at the WMTBOC this year.

Between 2007 and 2011, the national anthem of Denmark was played in the World Championships for eight times. The Rikke Kornvig's gold in the Long Distance and the Men Relay's victory, in Vicenza, Italy, were the last titles achieved by the Danes. How do you see the MTB Orienteering's present moment in your country?

N. H. - The Danish team is quite young, but with loads of potential. I'm sure the national Anthem will play again.

How do you see the present moment of MTB Orienteering? If you had the power, would you change something?

N. H. - MTBO is still a rather small sport. If we want more participants, we have to make it more like a Family sport. If me and my children are attending a Foot-O event in Denmark, there's lots of activities for the kids - a marked course, child care, etc., but you won't find that at MTBO in Denmark. Why do not put up some obstacles for the kids to practice getting better on the bike, a marked route for them to ride and some child care, so the parents can go riding too? In Denmark we started doing weekend training camps for the youth (like there's been in Foot-O for years). I like that “The Camp” we have in Denmark and Sweden to start the MTBO season has started to have kids courses, but I think we can do even more. And this camp is for people already doing MTBO in some way. Why not to have a summer camp for families in general or those doing Foot-O, a camp for them to try out MTBO, technical training on the bike, social events, etc.?

What means, from a personal point a view, to be MTB Orienteer, Woman and Mother?

N. H. - For me, I'm just me. I wouldn't be one without the other. I find joy in all the aspects and they make me who I am.

How difficult is to conciliate the family life with MTB Orienteering?

N. H. - It's only as difficult as you make it. Of course you have to compromise, but I think one would have to, any way. I sometimes wish I could work less and train more, but that's not an option at the moment, so I just have to train smarter. I also wish I had more time with the kids, but then I just make sure to have quality time with them, be present in the moment. I think the key word is focus, focus on what you're doing. When home I'm most of all mother and when I'm out racing I'm most of all a woman doing MTBO.

Do you have plans for the next season? Are you already feeling some good vibes about returning to France and Lithuania, this time for the European and the World Championships?

N. H. - I'm planning on being a part of the national team next year, but also looking into the possibilities of doing some of the individual races in Masters. I'm, as I said before, not impressed with the French organisation this year and I thoroughly hope that they will read the feedback and improve on all the issues that were needed to reach the expected standards for a European Championships. I'm hoping to take advantage of my connection to Finland and get some O-technical trainings there as I think that would be relevant for Lithuania and would give me some good competition training, as Finland has a lot of very strong female athletes.

Have you some goals already designed for the next season?

N. H. - Those will be set when the National team meet up in november. Personally, I plan on more training with the map and going for more clean races.

Would you like to share the biggest wish for the future?

N. H. - To grow old and spend time doing what I love and with those who give me joy, make me laugh, believe in me and love me for who I am.

Joaquim Margarido